Vitamins are essential to help keep the body functioning properly. The 13 vitamins the body needs include vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and B vitamins (thiamine B1, riboflavin B2, niacin B3, pantothenic acid B5, pyridoxine B6, biotin B7, folic acid B9, and cobalamin B12). While there are symptoms specific to each vitamin deficiency, some common symptoms include fatigue, loss of bone density, dry skin and hair, depression, irritability, easy bruising, poor wound healing, and skin color changes. More severe deficiencies could lead to tachycardia, shortness of breath, behavioral changes, decreased sensation of the hands or feet, weakness, and memory loss.
What causes vitamin deficiency?
Most often vitamin deficiencies are related to an individual’s diet. Vitamins are present in fruit, vegetables, grains, meat, poultry, and seafood. The lack of a balanced diet can lead to vitamin deficiencies. Another risk factor is medical conditions which make it difficult for the body to absorb vitamins. While vitamin deficiencies can be treated with a more balanced diet and vitamin supplements, it is often difficult to do so.